He became Prime Minister of Piedmont in 1852. Mazzini’s relentless opposition to monarchy and his vision of democratic republics frightened the conservatives. Solution: The importance of the way in which they were portrayed was to remind the public of their national symbols of unity and to persuade them to identify with them. Events of February 1848 in France had brought about the abdication of the monarch and a republic based on universal male suffrage had been proclaimed. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes Social Science History Chapter 1 CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 1 Notes Understanding the Lesson. These symbols were usually popular images from everyday life that uneducated masses could easily identify with. (a) cloth The female form that was chosen to personify the nation did not stand for any particular woman in a real life. (a) Ngo Dinh Diem He subsequently founded two more underground societies, first – Young Italy in Marseilles and then Young Europe in Berne, whose members were like- minded young men from Poland, France, Italy and the German states. (b) thread Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe with Answers Pdf free download. (d) Liberty, 29. Who among the following was proclaimed the first King of United Italy? (a) Women were excluded from the membership. According to new CBSE Exam Pattern, MCQ Questions For Class 10 Social Science with Answers Carries 20 Marks. 1855: The Kingdom of Sardinia participated from the sides of British and French in the Crimean War. PART ONE: SETTING THE SCENE: THE CAVE AND THE FIRE The cave SOCRATES: Imagine this: People live under the earth in a cavelike dwelling.Stretching a long way up toward the daylight is its entrance, toward which the entire … Through the 18th and the mid 19th century, Europe was marked by a lot of chaos and turmoil. (c) Venetia Ernst Renan, a French philosopher, gave the new definition of a nation. This unification alone could be the basis of Italian liberty. (b) Giuseppe Mazzini Revolutionaries: Upholders of the idea of liberalism and against the conservative regimes of the 19th century. Louise Otto-Peters: He was a German suffragist and feminist who wrote novels, poetry, essays and libretti. 1861: Victor Emmanuel II was declared as the King of United Italy and Rome was declared the capital of Italy. Question 3. Chief Minister Cavour who led the movement to unify the regions of Italy was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat. Similarly, Germania became the allegory of the German nation. (a) Garibaldi Simplification of administrative divisions, improvement in transport and communication systems, removal of guild restrictions, standardisation of weights and measures and introduction of common currency were major changes in the system. Why did nationalist tensions emerge in the Balkans? (a) King of the Netherlands Only Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by an Italian princely house. Nineteenth-century liberals also stressed the inviolability of private property. The Greeks were later assisted by the Russian Empire, Great Britain, France and several other European powers, while the Ottomans were aided by their vassals, Egypt, Algeria etc. Which treaty recognised Greece as an independent nation? Which one of the following types of government was functioning in France before the revolution of 1789? He assumed absolute power in 1799 by becoming the First Consul. In Ireland,the English helped the protestants and established their control over the Catholic country and Ireland was dominated by United Kingdom in 1801. Solution: Absolutism: It refers to a system of rule that has no restraints on the power exercised. The concept  of nation states did not exist at all. Romanticism: A cultural movement that rejected science and reason and introduced heart and emotions. What does a blindfolded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales symbolise? Although Cavour was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat he played an important role in the unification of Italy. Which of the following best explain Utopian society? (d) all adults excluding women of the country. Habsburg Empire: The empire that ruled Austria-Hungary including the Alpine regions of Tyrol, Austria, the  Sudetenland and Bohemia. The Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland that resulted in the formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’ meant, in effect, that England was able to impose its influence on Scotland. The Estates General was renamed as the National Assembly, which was elected by the body of active citizens. In other parts of Europe where independent nation-states did not yet exist – such as Germany, Italy, Poland, the Austro-Hungarian Empire – men and women of the liberal middle classes combined their demands for constitutionalism with national unification. [Delhi 2012] (a) Military officials (a) French citizens living in Vietnam They mobilised public opinion to support its struggle against a Muslim empire. (a) Germany (c) formulated codes for the army. (d) height, 13. Large number of people under the leadership of Giuseppe Garibaldi joined the movement. All through the nineteenth century the Ottoman Empire had sought to strengthen itself through modernisation and internal reforms but with very little success. 1 ) The process of unification of ITALY was the work of 3 main leaders, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Count Cavour, and Victory Emmanuel II . Prussian measures and practices often become a model for the  rest of Germany. They  considered it as the mission and the destiny of the French nation to liberate the people of  Europe from despotism by introducing, (c) A centralised administration system  (d) Uniform laws for all citizens. (c) Austria, Prussia, Russia, Britain. This product is for the short story "Terrible Things by Eve Bunting". Equality of all before law. (d) a state where people live in a common territory, develop a sense of identity and share a common history. After 1815, several liberals began working in secret societies all over Europe to propagate their views and train  revolutionaries. On 18th January 1871, the new German Empire headed by the German Emperor Kaiser William I was declared  in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles. Once the empire was established, he actively and skilfully pursued pacific policies in foreign affairs, succeeding  in preserving the peace in Europe for about two decades. NCERT Book Solutions For Class 10 History Chapter 1 Rise of Nationalism in Europe Free PDF. (c) Kaiser William refused to accept the crown and opposed the assembly. Similarly, Germania was the female allegory of German nation. (a) He wanted the united Italian Republic. French people wore these  caps a few days before the storming of the Bastille. (b) Military (b) Treaty of Vienna (c) Labour Union Created On November 7, 2019. The central element of the emblem is the five-pointed star white star, also called Stella d'Italia (English: "Star of Italy"), which is the oldest national symbol of Italy, since it dates back to ancient Greece. Assumed absolute power in 1799 by becoming the First Consul. Your email address will not be published. Marianne images were marked on coins and stamps too. In France, the idea of a people’s nation was christened Marianne. Complete NCERT Book Page wise Solution Class 10th as per Latest CBSE Syllabus History Chapter-1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, The following page provides you NCERT book solutions for Class 10 social science, social science Class 10 notes in pdf are also available in the related links between the texts. 1. Utopian vision: It refers to a vision of a society that is so ideal that it is unlikely to actually exist. This code was exported to the regions of Switzerland, Italy and Germany.It also abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom.Taxation and censorship were imposed and military services were made mandatory. Conservatism: It is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of  culture and civilisation. 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The following changes were introduced by Napoleon to make the administrative system more efficient in the territories ruled by him : Question 1. The issue of extending political rights to women became a controversial one. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe History Class 10 Summary. What steps did the French revolutionaries take to create a sense of collective identity among the French people? In 1801, Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom after a failed Irish revolt. •. (b) making of a new Constitution. The Balkan  region consisted of the following countries of our times – Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia,  Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro. The characteristics of Marianne were drawn from those of Liberty and the Republic—the red cap, the  tricolour and the cockade. Similarly, Germania became the allegory of the German nation. 34. The concepts of liberty, equality, fraternity and nationalism dominated the social and political scene of Europe in  the 19th century. Ideology: System of ideas reflecting a particular social and political vision. Large number of  people under the leadership of Giuseppe Garibaldi joined the movement. 23. (b) Large landowners 8. Who said, “when France sneezes the rest of Europe catches cold”? He underestimated the strength of the opposition. This Code  did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property. (a) it was not suitable for all. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. 31. 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